Blind World Magazine

California is the only state that requires mandatory licensing of guide dog schools and instructors.

Bark Magazine Blog, USA.
Tuesday, May 23, 2006.

No other charity excites more sympathy than dogs assisting disabled people, combining as it does the beauty and nobility of the animals with the needs of challenged individuals. And, as evidenced in the recent New York Times article (Wagging the Dog, and a Finger, May 14),


it appears that no other assistance programs create so much controversy.

In the 1940s, before the organization of the California State Board of Guide Dogs for the Blind-a consumer affairs licensing agency whose mission is to maintain the professional threshold of guide dog training-the guide dog field suffered from many of the same problems the service dog industry is experiencing today. Besides considerable public confusion as to the role and function of service dogs in public places, a long list of scandalous activities historically characterized our field. Providing dogs with no training, raising funds with no plans to produce trained dogs, selling dogs, accepting people for training and not providing any, and selling unauthorized certification papers were significant features of many of the "guide dogs schools" operating in California.

While dogs have been used to assist blind people for thousands of years, the aftermath of the unregulated Industrial Revolution and horrible wounds of World War I increased the number of persons who were visually impaired. With no minimum standards set for schools, it was possible for any person to start a guide dog program. By the 1940s, programs of varying quality and competence were emerging throughout the country but most were in California.

Many people and organizations that provided services to the blind felt that growing scandalous operations were potentially so dangerous to consumers that something had to be done. A small group of blind people, the California Council of the Blind, and the editors of the Pasadena Star-News joined with highly supportive legislators to lay the groundwork for a system that would insure that blind people would receive competent instruction with properly trained dogs, that funds raised for guide dogs would be spent properly, and that the public would be educated as to the services a dog provides. The Guide Dog Board was created by statute in 1947.

At the beginning of the Guide Dog Act, there were close to 20 guide dog operations; after regulatory authority was established only two were able to qualify for licenses and still exist today: Guide Dogs for the Blind in San Rafael and Guide Dogs of America in Sylmar. (The third California school, Guide Dogs of the Desert, was licensed in 1972). The others training programs for the most part disappeared.

Like all states, California controls the licensing and regulation of specific services and agencies, such as dentists, architects, engineers and contractors. However, California is the only state that requires mandatory licensing of guide dog schools and instructors.

The Guide Dog Board believes that minimum standards and licensing expand opportunities for guide dog users through better public education and law enforcement. In addition, it's our opinion that the right to public access belongs to individuals who use service animals that have been trained to perform physical tasks that mitigate the person's disability. Guide dog handlers entering public facilities and using transportation following an incident in which another individual was unable to control a poorly trained service or emotional support animal are likely to be denied access due to problems caused by the previous handler.

Pet owners who misinterpret the law, or worse intentionally mislead retailers so they may bring their dogs into places of business, jeopardize the access rights that guide dog handlers worked so hard to establish beginning sixty years ago.

Jane Brackman, Ph.D.
Executive Officer
California State Board of Guide Dogs for the Blind
1625 Market Blvd. S-202
Sacramento, CA 65834
P: 916-574-7825
F: 916-574-8619

End of article.

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