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Book of Knowledge

 

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: indicates that the vowel is long and takes twice as long to say

Animals, Insects, Reptiles and Fish, and Birds

English/Yonega

Tsalagi Phonetics

English/Yonega

Tsalagi Phonetics

chipmunk

ki-yu:-ga

mink

ta-ni:qua

mouse, rat

tsi-d-de-tsi

weasel (yellow rat)

da-lo'-ni-ge tsi-d-de-tsi

ant

do-sv-da-li

bee

wa-du-li:-si

earthworm

u-tsi:-ya, u-ni-tsi:-ya

spider

(a-ni-)ka-na-ne'-s-gi

wasp,hornet

ka-n(a)-ts(i)-s-de-tsi, a-ni-ka-n(a)-ts(i)-s-de:-tsi

alligator (also, iron pot)

tsu-la-s-gi, tsu-n'-la-s-gi

black snake (climber)

ga-le-gi

bullfrog

tsu-li-s-da-na:-li, tsu-n'-li-s-da-na:-li

crawfish

tsi:-s-dv-na

fish

a-tsa?-di

lizard

ti-yo'-ha-li'

perch

a-go:-li, a-ni-go:li

rattlesnake

u-tso'-n(a)-ti', u-n'-tso'-n'-ti

snake

i'-na-dv

toad, tadpole

teh?-ga

toad, tadpole

teh?-ga

water moccasin

u-ga-n'-te:-na, u-ni-ga-n'-te:-na

bluebird

tsa-quo'-la-de

chickadee

tsi-ga-li:-li

fox sparrow

wa:-kv:-ta

meadow lark (star)

no:-k'-si'

sapsucker

kv-gwo:-ha

winter wren

tsi-s-tsi-s or tsi-tsi

wren

tse-ni'

yellow mockingbird

hu-hu

Trees, Plants and parts of plants

English/Yonega

Tsalagi Phonetics

acorn

gv:le

ash

do:-tsu

branch (on tree)

u-wa'-n'-ga-tlv, du-wa-n'-ga-tlv-i

branch (off tree)

w-wa'-n'-ga-tlv-nv, tsu-wa'-n'-ga-tlv-nv

brush

sa-lu-yi

bush

u-da'-tl'-gv, du-da'-tl'-gv

cedar, fir

a'-tsi-na' or a-tsi:-n'

chestnut

u-ni-ge'-n(i)(a)

chinquapin

u-hna-gi:-n(i')(a)

dewberry, boysenberry

u-dlo'-si-nv-da

dogwood

ka-na'-si-ta'

elm

da-wa-tsi:-l(a)(i)

four o'clocks

nv-hga a-tli-gi-li'sv a-ni-tsi-lv-s-gi

grass, weed

ga-nu-la-(i)

hazlenut or hazelnut bush

yu'-gi-da'

hickory tree

wa-ne?-i

hickory nut or nut

so:hi

honeysuckle

gv-na-gi'-hl(e)-ge-(i)

huckleberry

ku-wa-ya'

linden, basswood

i:-de-ha

mulberry

ku:wa'

mushroom

da-wo-li

oak

a-da:-ya

pecan (long nuts)

so:-hi a-ni-nv-hi:-da'

persimmon

sa'-l(i)

pine

no:-ts(i)

redbud

ga-lo-we:-d(i)

root

u-hna-s-de:-tlv, du-hna-s-de:-tlv

sassafras

ka:-n'-s-ta-tsi'

seedling

ga'-koh-di, di-ga'-koh-di

spice bush

noh?-da-tli'

straw, hay, rye

ka-ne'-s-ga'

stump

u-hni'-hl'-g(a)(v)-i, du-hni'-hl'-gv-i

sycamore (white bark)

ko-tsu-ne:-g(a)

thorn (to prick)

u-tsa-yo:-s-di, tsu-tsa-yo:-s-di

walnut

se:-di

wheat

u-tsa-le:-s-di

willow (it-comes-off)

di-l(i)-ga-li:-s-gi

Vegetables

beans

tu-ya

brown beans

u-ni-wo'-di-ge tu-ya

bush beans (low beans)

tu-ya e-la-di' i'-na-ti'

green beans

tu-ya a-ni-tse-i

white beans

u-ni-ne-g(a) tu-ya

carrots (yellow growers-in-the-ground)

a-ni-da-lo'-ni-ge ga:-do' a-ni'-l'di:-s-gi

cabbage

tsu-ga-de:-ni

cucumber

ga-ga-ma

lettuce

go:-s-da-gi:-s-di (a-go:-s-da a-gi:-s-di means 'something raw to eat')

onion

sv-gi

garden onions (planted they exist)

a-hwi'-sv-nv e-hi

store-bought onions

sv-gi a-da'-na-nv a-hwa-sv-i

wild onions

sv:-gi i'-na-ge e-hi

oranges

a-ni-da-lo'-ni-ge

peanuts

tu-ya ga:-do' a-ni-la-di'-s-gi (beans grown in the ground)

poke greens

dla:-ya-de

pumpkin

i-ya

radish

gi-ga-ge ga:do' ga-la-di'-s-gi (red it grows in the ground)

squash

s-qua:-si

tomatoes

da-ma'-tli

turnip

da'-kw'-sa-ni'

watermelon

gv-gi:-s-di

wheat biscuit (see 'wheat' in dictionary)

u-tsa-le:-s-di

wheat biscuits

u-ni-tsa-le:-s-di

  DICTIONARY

Dictionary - A

English/Yonega

TsaLaGi Phonetics

again, more

si-wu

again, second in a series

ta-li:-ne

allow, permit, put up for sale

a-g'-s-go'-hl'-ti

all

ni-ga-d(a)

alone, only

ni-ga'-d(a)

already, just

ki-lo-wu

and

a-le, -hno suffixed

and, or, but

a-le

angel, Wise Man, sage

a-da-we'-hi

angry, be angry

a-ki-na-lv'-(ga), I am angry; tsa-na-lv'-(ga), you are angry

apple, apples

sv?-ta or sv-k-ta

April

Ka-wo-ni

arm (my)

tsi-no-ge:-n(a)(i)

arrive, get there, return, come back

tsi-lu?-gi, hi-lu?-gi, ka

Attention!

ka

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