McBride And Culbreth Families
Nathaniel Ledgerwood













Home





Use above link to leave
comments or contact author.















by Carl Eugene McBride, Jr. (May, 2011)
















nathanielledgerwood-4.jpg

Nathaniel Ledgerwood (1, 21)

 

Nathaniel Ledgerwood was born on June 20, 1817 in Greene County or Knox County, TN. No official birth certificate for Nathaniel has surfaced.

 

Knox and Greene counties are about 35 miles apart in the eastern part of Tennessee, and are close to the borders of Kentucky, Virginia and North Carolina (which Greene Co. borders), as shown in this detail from an 1834 map (2) of Tennessee:

1834-greene-knoxcos.jpg

Parents

 

Nathaniel was born to Samuel Ledgerwood [B: ~1782 in VA D: ~1817 in Knox Co., TN] who married Sarah Pearce [B: ~1787 in Greene Co., TN D: 9/6/1856 in Martin Co., IN] on 3/5/1808 in Green Co., TN (3, 4).

 

During their short marriage, Samuel and Sarah had four children:

 

James Ledgerwood B:~1809 in TN D: 9/30/1848 probably in IN

 

Nancy Ledgerwood B: ~1812 in TN D: ~1858

 

Bethiah Ledgerwood B: 12/17/1814 in TN D: 7/17/1879

 

Nathaniel Ledgerwood B: June 20, 1817 in TN

 

Nathaniel never knew his father, who died right around the time that Nathaniel was born. In fact, his mother Sarah remarried about 1 year after Nathaniel's birth.

 

On August 6, 1818 (4) in Knox Co., TN, Sarah (Pearce) Ledgerwood married Isaac Hembre [B: 5/3/1797 in Knox Co., TN D: 6/1/1860 in Martin Co., IN]. Sarah and Isaac Hembre had 6 children:

 

John Hembre B: ~1819 in Knox Co., TN D: 12/23/1898 in Martin Co., IN

 

Jonathan K. Hembre B: ~1821 in Knox Co., TN D: After 1880 in Martin Co., IN

 

Drewry Hembre B: 6/10/1824 in TN D: 4/27/1907 in Martin Co., IN

 

Richard Hembre B: 6/26/1826 in TN D: 9/8/1905 in Martin Co., IN

 

Calhoun Hembre B: ~1830 in Dubois Co., IN D: ??

 

James M. Hembre B: ~1833 in Dubois Co., IN D: After 1870 in Martin Co., IN

 

1810-1830

 

From the marriages of Sarah Pearce, it appeared that her family lived in Greene County, TN (where she married Samuel Ledgerwood in 1808) or Knox County, TN (where she married Isaac Hembre in 1818).

 

The 1810 Federal Census of Tennessee is missing and is of no use whatsoever. There is only 1 county (Rutherford) listed in that census - out of a total of 37 counties which comprised the State of Tennessee in 1810 (5).

 

The 1820 Federal Census of Tennessee is also of no use: there are only 26 counties listed in that census - out of a total of 46 counties which comprised the State of Tennessee in 1820 (5). The missing counties included both Greene and Knox counties.

 

However, it appears from the birth places of their children that Isaac and Sarah Hembre moved their family from Tennessee to Indiana sometime between June of 1826 and June 1, 1830 (the enumeration date of the 1830 Federal Census).

 

The 1830 Federal Census

 

In the 1830 Federal Census, the family of Isaac Hembre was found in Dubois County, Indiana.

 

Although this census listed only the head-of-household by name - and all the occupants by sex and age range - the census listing for Isaac Hembre seems to fit rather well with his family (and the children of Sarah from her previous marriage), as shown by this chart:

 

1830 Census:

Name:

Born:

1M B: 1790-1800

Isaac Hembre

5/3/1797

1F B: 1790-1800

Sarah (Pearce) (Ledgerwood) Hembre

~1787

1M B: 1810-1815

James Ledgerwood

~1809

1F B: 1810-1815

Nancy Ledgerwood

~1812

1F B: 1810-1815

Bethiah Ledgerwood

12/17/1814

1M B: 1815-1820

Nathaniel Ledgerwood

6/20/1817

1M B: 1815-1820

John Hembre

~1819

1M B: 1820-1825

Jonathan Hembre

~1821

1M B: 1820-1825

Drewry Hembre

6/10/1824

1M B: 1825-1830

Richard Hembre

6/26/1826

1M B: 1825-1830

Calhoun Hembre

~1830

 

Listed on the same page as Isaac in this census was the family of his brother, John Hembre [B: 1797-9 in SC or TN OR ~1792 in Knox Co, TN D: 2/5/1864 in Stone Co., MO].

 

Also listed on the same page in this census was another family who was to figure prominently in the future of the 12-year-old Nathaniel Ledgerwood: the family of Reuben Mathis [B: 2/21/1795 OR 1/22/1795 in SC D: 10/1/1870 in Dubois Co, IN]. Reuben was the father of 12-year-old Lizannah Harriett Mathis, who was to be married to Nathaniel about 8 years later.

 

The Marriage of Nathaniel Ledgerwood

 

On 11/15/1838 (8), Nathaniel Ledgerwood married Lizannah Harriet Mathis [B: 4/8/1818 in SC or IN D: 10/27/1916 in Daviess Co, IN] in Dubois County, IN. No official marriage certificate has surfaced, probably because the courthouse in Dubois County was destroyed by fire in August, 1839, and all records were lost (6).

lizannahmathisledgerwood-3.jpg

Lizannah Harriet Mathis (1, 21)

 

Lizannah could not read or write, and Nathaniel taught her to do those things (7).

 

There is a traditional family story, originating from many sources (1, 7, 8), that Nathaniel was disinherited for marrying Lizannah, because of her Native American heritage. For a discussion of this, see Addendum: Nathaniel Disinherited?.

 

Over their married life, Nathaniel and Lizannah raised 16 children (7, 8, 9). However, this document only contains 15 of their children. Their 16th child was named Emeline Ledgerwood. Although she was named in Lizannah's obituary (9) she died in her infancy (or was stillborn). Her birth date is unknown and no further information has surfaced about her.

 

The 16 children raised by Nathaniel and Lizannah included "5 orphans" (7) they adopted. The censuses of the time did not distinguish between children who were born to their parents and those who were adopted; but an attempt is made to distinguish between these two possibilities in the remainder of this document. If the child was not listed in the household of Nathaniel and Lizannah in the first census after their birth date - but was listed in their household in a subsequent census - then they are presumed to be adopted. This effort resulted in identifying 4 of the 5 children who were probably adopted. The 5th adopted child was probably born and adopted before the next Federal Census. [Note: See the birth of Lillie Ann Ledgerwood, which proposes that she was adopted - bringing the number of adoptions of Nathaniel and Lizannah to six!]

 

1839-1840

 

In September, 1839, Nathaniel and Lizannah had their first child:

 

Nancy E. Ledgerwood [B: 9/1/1839 in Dubois Co, IN D: 9/5/1923 probably in Martin Co, IN]; she subsequently married Joseph F. Workman [B: Jul 1838 in OH D: 11/13/1914 in Loogootee, Martin Co, IN (10)] on 6/2/1859 in Martin Co, IN

 

In the 1840 Federal Census, Nathaniel, Lizannah and daughter Nancy are listed in Dubois Co., IN. [Nathaniel had purchased his 40-acre farm from his father-in-law, Reuben Mathis, on 8/25/1839 (27).]

 

Their family is listed right next to the family of Reuben Mathis, Lizannah's father.

 

They are also listed a couple of census pages away from Nathaniel's mother and stepfather (Isaac and Sarah Hembre), who are listed on the same page as the family of Nathaniel's stepbrother, John Hembre.

 

Nathaniel's family is also listed a couple of pages away from the family of Nathaniel's brother, James Ledgerwood [B:~1809 in TN D: 9/30/1848], who was married to Harriett Stillwell [B: ~1810 in KY D: ~1850] about 1837. Occupants of their household included their son Isaac [B: 2/18/1838 in IN D: 1/1/1914] and an older male, born between 1810 and 1820, who was perhaps a farm laborer.

 

1840 -1850

 

In August of 1840, Nathaniel and Lizannah had their second child:

 

Sarah Ellen Ledgerwood [B: 8/28/1840 in IN D: 8/13/1856] Note: Sarah died "suddenly" at the age of 15 and was the first person to be buried in the cemetery of the newly-constructed Ledgerwood Church (see below) in Rutherford Township, Martin Co., IN. (11)

 

In July of 1842, Nathaniel and Lizannah had their third and fourth children, a set of twins (9):

 

Reuben Ledgerwood [B: 7/16/1842 in Dubois Co., IN D: 9/14/1842 in Dubois Co., IN (9, 12)]

 

Mary C. Ledgerwood [B: 7/16/1842 in IN D: 7/3/1926]; she subsequently married Willis Taylor Inman [B: 1/13/1841 or Feb 1841 in Dubois Co, IN D: 3/30/1918] on 9/10/1861 in Martin Co, IN (13).

 

In July of 1844, Nathaniel and Lizannah had their fifth child:

 

Samuel Polk Ledgerwood [B: 7/19/1844 in IN D: 1/11/1930]; he subsequently married Phoebia "Phebe" Stafford [B: B: 8/15/1845 in IN D: 8/7/1926 (27)] on 1/29/1868 in Martin Co., IN Note: Samuel served in the 58th Indiana Infantry, Company E, in the Civil War.

 

In November of 1845, Nathaniel and Lizannah had their sixth child:

 

Drewry Thomas Ledgerwood [B: 11/28/1845 in IN D: 12/5/1879]; he subsequently married Emily J. Chattin [B: 6/28/1850 in IN D: 8/8/1902] on 9/20/1866 in Martin Co, IN. Note: Drewry was named for Nathaniel's stepbrother Drewry Hembre (7); Drewry Ledgerwood served in the 10th Indiana Calvary, Company M, in the Civil War.

                 

In April of 1847, Nathaniel and Lizannah had their seventh child:

 

Rebecca A. Ledgerwood [B:  4/13/1847 in IN D: 1931]; she subsequently married: first, Charles McConn [B: ?? D: ~1879] on 3/14/1871 in Martin Co, IN; and second, James Denham [B: Nov 1835 in IN D: Before 1920] on 7/27/1893 in Daviess Co, IN.

 

In January of 1850, Nathaniel and Lizannah had their eight child:

 

Martha S. Ledgerwood [B: 1/12/1850 in Martin Co, IN D: 9/23/1935]; she subsequently married Jesse Nathaniel Chattin [B: 6/19/1841 in IN D: 2/28/1892] on 1/20/1868 in Martin Co, IN

 

The 1850 Federal Census

 

In the 1850 Federal Census, Nathaniel and Lizannah Ledgerwood lived in Harbison Township, Dubois Co., IN, with all seven of their children: Nancy E. (10), Sarah E. (9), Mary C. (8), Samuel P. (6), Drewry T. (4), Rebecca (3), and Martha S. (4 months).

 

Harbison Township covered about a 45 square mile area in the northern part of the county, as shown in this detail of an 1876 map of Dubois County, IN (14):

1876-harbisontownship-2.jpg

According to reference (27), the red ellipse on this map shows the approximate location of the 100 acres of land owned by Nathaniel Ledgerwood. [Each division of this map = 1 square mile = 640 acres.]

 

Also listed in Harbison Township - and only a few census pages away - were:

 

Lizannah's father Reuben Mathis and his second wife, Samantha (Holt) Vaughn [B: ~1804 in NY D:1/29/1852 in Dubois Co, IN]; his first wife - and the mother of Lizannah - Mary (Golightly) Mathis had died in 1841. This was also the second marriage of Samantha Holt.

 

John Hembre and his family - John was the stepbrother of Nathaniel Ledgerwood.

 

Simeon Bixler, father of 11-month-old Serilda Bixler who was to marry Samuel Marion Ledgerwood, Nathaniel's nephew and the son of Nathaniel's older brother, James Ledgerwood.

 

The family of Richard Harbison [B: ~1811 in IN D: After 1860], who was married to Bethiah Ledgerwood, Nathaniel's older sister.

 

Nancy Lemmon [B: ~1812 in Knox Co, TN D: 1858], the widow of Michael Lemmon  [B: ~1817 in Harrison Co, IN D: 1846-50].  Note: Although this census listed the age of Nancy as 30, it is believed her age was actually 38. This fact would identify her as Nancy (Ledgerwood) Lemmon, the sister of Nathaniel (27).

 

The family of Richard Hembre, also a stepbrother of Nathaniel.

 

The township was certainly populated with the offspring of Sarah (Pearce) (Ledgerwood) Hembre and her two husbands!

 

1850-1860

 

Nathaniel sold his land in Harbison Township in December of 1851 (27), and in 1852 (15) he moved his family a few miles across the East Fork of the White River from Dubois County to Martin County, as shown in this detail of an 1856 map of Indiana (16):

1856-dubois-martin-daviess-2.jpg

Nathaniel probably moved to Martin County to be close to his mother Sarah (Pearce) (Ledgerwood) Hembre and his stepfather Isaac Hembre. (As mentioned previously, Isaac was the only "father" Nathaniel had ever known, since his real father, Samuel Ledgerwood, died around the time that Nathaniel was born and his mother re-married about one year later.) Isaac and Sarah Hembre had previously moved (between 1840 and 1850) from Dubois County (where they were also neighbors of the Nathaniel Ledgerwood family) to Martin County.

 

Nathaniel and Lizannah originally purchased 40 acres of land, and purchased an additional 160 acres soon after they arrived. 120 additional acres were later purchased. (15)

 

In April of 1852, Nathaniel and Lizannah had their ninth child:

 

William S. Ledgerwood [B: 4/30/1852 in IN D: ??] Note: Except for the listing with his parents in the 1860 and 1870 Federal Censuses, no official record of William has ever surfaced. However, it was reported that William "moved to Nevada and worked driving a twenty-mule team" (27). William was engaged to marry Sally Waggoner from Rutherford Township, Martin Co, IN. Ellis Ledgerwood (see below) was to accompany Sally to Nevada to marry William when a telegram arrived informing them that William had died from injuries caused by being kicked by a mule. (27)

 

Around 1853,Nathaniel's half-brothers John, Jonathan, Drewry and Richard Hembre also moved their families to the same location in Rutherford Township. Drewry Hembre bought a farm adjoining that of Nathaniel Ledgerwood (11).

 

A part of the Ledgerwood and Hembre farms in Rutherford Township was still the hands of their families over 125 years later (11).

 

In 1856, Drewry Hembre donated 2 acres of land from his farm for the use of a church and cemetery. The Ledgerwood church was a log structure built on the southeast corner of the original 2 acres (11). From early maps, the location of the church appeared to be in the red circle drawn on this detail of an 1876 map of Martin County (17):

1876-rutherfordtownship-3.jpg

As time progressed, a new highway was built which bypassed the old log church, and people in the community began to collect donations to build a new church. Around 1891, the new church was completed (on land also donated by Drewry Hembre) and was renamed South Martin Church (11, 29). The church is still standing, although services were discontinued in 1949 (11).

 

Sarah (Ledgerwood) Hembre (Nathaniel's mother) died on 9/6/1856. She was the second person to be buried in the cemetery of the original Ledgerwood Church in Rutherford Township, Martin Co., IN (11, 29).

 

The 1860 Federal Census

 

In the 1860 Federal Census, 43 year-old Nathaniel and 42 year-old Lizannah Ledgerwood lived in Rutherford Township, Martin Co., IN (see above map), with all six of their unmarried children: Mary C. (18), Samuel (16), Drewry T. (15), Rebecca (11), Martha (9), and William (7). [Their daughter Nancy E. was married in 1859.]

 

The family used the Mt. Pleasant Post Office, which was located in Perry Township (see above 1856 map). About half of Rutherford Township used the Mt. Pleasant Post Office, and the other half used the Alfordsville Post Office, located in Reeve Township, Daviess County. This probably means that the township of Rutherford had no Post Office in 1860.

 

Neighbors of the family of Nathaniel and Lizannah included:

 

59-year-old Isaac Hembre (Nathaniel's stepfather), who was listed right below the family of Nathaniel and Lizannah, and was living by himself. Note: Isaac Hembre died on the enumeration date (June 1) of the 1860 census, so he was not actually living next to the family of Nathaniel and Lizannah on the date this census data was taken (September 7, 1860).

 

The family of 29-year-old William M. Mathis (Lizannah's brother) was listed right below Isaac Hembre

 

The family of 35-year-old Drewry Hembre (Nathaniel's stepbrother) was listed right below the family of William M. Mathis

 

The family of 41-year-old John Hembre (another of Nathaniel's stepbrothers) was listed right below the family of Drewry Hembre

 

The family of 49-year-old Richard Harbison and his wife, 45-year-old Bethiah (Ledgerwood) Harbison (Nathaniel's sister), was listed one census page away from the family of Nathaniel and Lizannah

 

The family of Richard Hembre (another of Nathaniel's stepbrothers) was listed right below the family of Richard Harbison

 

All of the heads-of-households (including Nathaniel) were listed as farmers, except for Richard Hembre, who was listed as a farm laborer.

 

It appears that all of these family members shared adjoining farms in Rutherford Township in 1860.

 

1860-1870

 

Between 1860 and 1870, Nathaniel and Lizannah probably adopted their tenth child:

 

John W. Ledgerwood [B: 8/20/1853 in IN D: 12/2/1932]; he subsequently married Martha E. Helphinstine [B: 5/1/1861 in IN D: 4/24/1935] on 9/13/1877 in Martin Co., IN. Note: Although born in 1853, John was not listed in the household of Nathaniel and Lizannah in the 1860 census; but he was listed in their household in the 1870 census.

 

Between 1860 and 1870, Nathaniel and Lizannah probably adopted their eleventh child:

 

Emily Caroline Ledgerwood [B: 8/17/1855 in IN D: 11/3/1920]; she subsequently married Benjamin Waggoner [B:9/13/1853 in IN D: 2/7/1913] on 4/4/1876 in Martin Co., IN. Note: Although born in 1855, Emily was not listed in the household of Nathaniel and Lizannah in the 1860 census; but she was listed in their household in the 1870 census.

 

Between 1860 and 1870, Nathaniel and Lizannah probably adopted their twelfth child:

 

Ellis Niblack Ledgerwood [B: 6/27/1856 D: 11/29/1913 in Alfordsville, Martin Co., IN]; he subsequently married Susan Margaret Allen [B: 12/29/1863 in Daviess Co., IN D: 7/11/1943 in Loogootee, Martin Co., IN] on 4/21/1881 in Daviess Co., IN. Note: Although born in 1856, Ellis was not listed in the household of Nathaniel and Lizannah in the 1860 census; but he was listed in their household in the 1870 census.

 

Between 1860 and 1870, Nathaniel and Lizannah probably adopted their thirteenth child:

 

Hugh M. Ledgerwood [B: 2/17/1860 in IN D: Between 1910 and 1920]; he subsequently married Laura B. Sullivan [B: Nov 1862 in IN D: After 1930] on 10/2/1881 in Martin Co, IN. Note: Although born in February of 1860 (before the June 1 enumeration date of the Federal Census) Hugh was not listed in the household of Nathaniel and Lizannah in the 1860 census; but he was listed in their household in the 1870 census.

 

Note: By 1862, Nathaniel and Lizannah probably had adopted their last 4 children. Their last "natural born" child (as demonstrated by the censuses) was William S. Ledgerwood, born in 1852. This makes is seem likely that one - or both! - of their last 2 children was (were) adopted also. If only one were adopted, this would reinforce the family traditional story of "5 orphans" adopted by Nathaniel and Lizannah (7). However, if both were adopted (1), this would mean that Nathaniel and Lizannah had adopted 6 children. This is the reason that the word "raised" is used in the following two paragraphs.

 

In November of 1862, Nathaniel and Lizannah raised their fourteenth child:

 

Basil Nathaniel Ledgerwood [B: 11/15/1862 in IN D: Mar 1936]; he subsequently married Minnie McCullough (27) [B: 9/18/1871 in IN D: Probably 1918-1930] on 4/16/1887 in Daviess Co, IN

 

In October of 1864, Nathaniel and Lizannah raised their fifteenth - and final - child:

 

Lillie Ann Ledgerwood [B: 10/3/1864 in Martin Co, IN D: 4/7/1949 in Daviess Co, IN]; she subsequently married John William McBride [B: 8/22/1857 in Polk Co., IA D: 9/22/1940 in Daviess Co., IN] on 2/12/1882 in Martin Co., IN (18). Note: DNA evidence from Robert Lester Campbell [grandson of John William and Lillie Ann (Ledgerwood) McBride] indicated no Cherokee ancestry (1); this indicates that Lillie Ann was also probably adopted by Nathaniel and Lizannah Ledgerwood.

 

The 1870 Federal Census

 

In the 1870 Federal Census, 53-year-old Nathaniel and 52-year-old Lizannah Ledgerwood still lived in Rutherford Township, Martin Co., IN, with all eight of their unmarried children: Rebecca (23), William (19), John (17), Caroline (15), Ellis (13), Hugh (11), Basil (9), and Lillie A. (7). [Children Mary C. was married in 1861, Drewry T. was married in 1866, Samuel was married in 1868, and Martha was married in 1869.] Nathaniel was a farmer.

 

They probably did not move between 1860 and 1870, since they were still listed right next to the family of Nathaniel's stepbrothers, Drewry T. and John Hembre.

 

They now used the South Martin Post Office (established 6/15/1869 (19)), as shown in this detail of an 1876 map of Indiana (20):

1876-martinco.jpg

About half the township of Rutherford used the South Martin Post Office, the other half used the Post Office in Loogootee in Perry Township, Martin County.

 

The Death of Nathaniel

 

On 11/27/1879, the 62-year-old Nathaniel Ledgerwood died. He is buried in the cemetery of the Ledgerwood/South Martin Church (11, 21, 29), in Rutherford Township, Martin Co., IN.

 

When Nathaniel died, his son Ellis N. became owner of the majority of his father's land. Ellis farmed the land until his death in 1913, when his sons took over the task. (15) Ellis is also buried in the cemetery (29) of the Ledgerwood/South Martin Church. (21)

 

1880-1900

 

In the 1880 Federal Census, 63-year-old widow Lizannah was listed in the household of her son, 25-year-old Ellis Ledgerwood, in Rutherford Township, Martin Co., IN. All of Lizannah's unmarried children (including Ellis) lived in this household: Hugh (20), Basil (17), and Lilly A. (14).

 

Basil was to be married in 1881 in Daviess County; Hugh was to be married later that same year in Martin County; and Lillie A. was to be married in 1882 in Martin County.

 

Unfortunately, the entire 1890 Federal Census was lost in a fire in 1921. (22)

 

Sometime between 1880 and 1900 [probably around 1882 (23)], widow Lizannah Ledgerwood moved to adjacent Daviess County, IN.

 

1900-1916

 

In the 1900 Federal Census, 82-year-old widow Lizannah lived in the household of daughter Lillie A. (listed as 32, but was probably 35) and her husband John W. McBride (42) in Washington Township, Daviess Co, IN. John and Lillie had 6 children: Eva (17), Thomas O. (15), Ora (12), Charlotte (8), John G. (3), and Dora M. (1). John W. was a farmer.

 

Despite an exhaustive search of the 1910 Federal Census, no Lizannah Ledgerwood has been found.

 

At the age of 98 years, Lizannah H. Ledgerwood died on 10/27/1916 (10) in the home of her grandson, Austin Waggoner in Graham's Station (9), which was in the northwestern part of Washington Township, Daviess  Co., IN. [Austin probably lived next to his widowed mother (and Lizannah's daughter), Emily Caroline (Ledgerwood) Waggoner; both of their families are listed next to each other in Washington Township in the 1920 Federal Census.]

 

Lizannah is buried in the cemetery of the Ledgerwood/South Martin Church (11, 21, 29), in Rutherford Township, Martin Co., IN.

 

 

 


References:

 

Note: Most unreferenced information was gleaned from photocopies of the original US Federal Census documents, available at Ancestry.com. (Many transcripts of these censuses are available at other Internet sites.) Some unreferenced information came from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints "Family Search" database (http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/frameset_search.asp), or Rootsweb (http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi). Many marriage dates were obtained from the Indiana Marriage Collection, 1800-1941, at reference (13). Some of the birth or death dates were taken from reference (27).

 

(1) Private communication from John Campbell.

 

(2) http://www.usgwarchives.org/maps/tennessee/tannersm.jpg

 

(3) Search for Sarah Pearce at http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/frameset_search.asp

 

(4) Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002 at: http://content.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=1169

 

(5) http://www.tngenweb.org/maps/county-ani/tn-maps/tn-cf.html

 

(6) http://myindianagenealogy.com/index.htm#facts2

 

(7) Handwritten notes on family history, written by Eva (McBride) Snider [Nathaniel Ledgerwood's granddaughter] in January, 1964.

 

(8) http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/person.aspx?tid=2075950&pid=-1356943428.

 

(9) Transcript of the obituary for Lizannah (Mathis) Ledgerwood (sent by Teri Igleheart)

 

(10) Indiana Deaths, 1882-1920, database at http://www.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7834

 

(11) "History Of The South Martin Church and Cemetery" in the September 2008 Bulletin of the Martin County Historical Society, Shoals, IN 47581.

 

(12) http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/person.aspx?pid=-1078708257&tid=2075950&ssrc=

 

(13) Indiana Marriage Collection, 1800-1941 at: http://www.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=5059

 

(14) http://www.davidrumsey.com/detail?id=1-1-23189-800039&name=Map+of+Dubois+County.

 

(15) "History Of Martin County, Indiana Volume II", Harry Q. Holt, Reprinted in 2006 (Originally published in 1966). Parts of which are excerpted in http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~inmartin/biographies.htm.)

 

(16) http://alabamamaps.ua.edu/historicalmaps/us_states/indiana/index_Before1875.html

 

(17) http://www.davidrumsey.com/detail?id=1-1-23158-800008&name=Map+of+Martin+County+(with)+Shoals,+Loogootee

.

(18) John William and Lillie Ann (Ledgerwood) McBride are the authors great grandparents.

 

(19) The Sitka Post Office was established July 15, 1869; discontinued July 21, 1874; and re-established January 14, 1877, with Charles W. Read postmaster. It was discontinued October 14, 1903. See: http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~inmartin/public_html/postmasters.htm

 

(20) http://alabamamaps.ua.edu/historicalmaps/us_states/indiana/index_1875-1885.html

 

(21) Private communication from Teri Igleheart.

 

(22) http://www.genealogytoday.com/news/archive/498news.htm

 

(23) Obituary for John W. McBride, written by his daughter Eva (McBride) Snider in September, 1940.

 

(24) http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tnmcmin2/AbrahamHembree.htm

 

(25) http://www.genealogyforyou.com/usa/tennessee/greene/earlytax.htm

 

(26) http://www.tngenweb.org/greene/taxlist/1809tax-list.htm

 

(27) "Country Lilacs", Stephen and Eithel Riggins, 1983.

 

(28) Letter from Donna Golightly to Helen Messer, dated 6/9/1985.

 

(29) Ledgerwood/South Martin Church and Cemetery: From the intersection of County Road 12 and County Road 27 in the small town of South Martin, Martin Co., IN, go south on County Road 27. The church will be about 1.7 miles down County Road 27, on the left and about 100 yards from the highway. There is a road which turns left from County Road 27, right in front of the church. The cemetery is behind the church.

 

(30) Pp. 151-152 of "Sketches Of Prominent Tennesseans" by William S. Speer at Google Books

 

 

Addendum: Nathaniel Disinherited?

 

There is a traditional family story, originating from several sources (1, 7, 8), that Nathaniel Ledgerwood was disinherited for marrying Lizannah Mathis on 11/15/1838 in Dubois County, IN - because of Lizannah's Native American heritage

 

Lizannah was the daughter of Reuben Mathis [B: 2/21/1795 OR 1/22/1795 in SC D: 10/1/1870 in Dubois Co., IN] and his wife Mary (Golightly) Mathis [B: 3/26/1800 in Spartanburg Co., SC D: 1/29/1841 in Dubois Co., IN]. According to family tradition, Mary Golightly was 100% Cherokee, making Lizannah 50% Cherokee. (This connection has not yet been "officially" proven.)

 

The following is a discussion of who may have disinherited Nathaniel for his marriage to Lizannah - and the possibility that it may have been someone other than Nathaniel who was disinherited!

 

Nathaniel Disinherited By His Father?

 

Nathaniel's father, Samuel Ledgerwood [B: ~1782 in VA  D: ~1817 in Knox Co, TN] was the youngest of 11 children born to John Ledgerwood [B: ~1740 in Augusta Co, VA D: ~1805 in Montgomery Co, VA] and his wife Margaret (maiden name unknown) [B: ~1751 or ~1740 in Botetourt, VA D: ~1817 in TN].

 

It appears (from tax lists, etc.) that Samuel and brother James moved with their mother, Margaret Ledgerwood, to TN after Margaret's husband John died in ~1805.

 

However, Samuel died around the time that Nathaniel was born (in 1817) and 21 years before Nathaniel was married to Lizannah (in 1838)! It is most unlikely that Nathaniel was disinherited by his father, unless there was something written into Samuel's will to that effect. (Although this is an unlikely possibility, the will of Samuel has never surfaced.)

 

Nathaniel Disinherited By His Mother?

 

Nathaniel's mother, Sarah Pearce [B: ~1787 in Greene Co, TN D: 9/6/1856 in Martin Co., IN], married Samuel Ledgerwood on 3/5/1808 in Greene Co, TN (4).

 

She was married to Samuel until his death only about 9 years later. Then, within one year after the death of Samuel (and the birth of their child Nathaniel), and on March 6, 1818 (3) [or August 6, 1818 (4)] in Knox Co., TN, she remarried Isaac Hembre [B: 5/4/1797 in Knox Co, TN D: 6/1/1860 in Martin Co, IN].

 

Note: The Hembre family had many Cherokee connections in their family history, including a report that the grandmother of Isaac was 100% Cherokee (24). (See discussion below.)

 

Again, it is very unlikely that Sarah (Pearce) (Ledgerwood) Hembre disinherited her son Nathaniel, because she remained friends with the family of Nathaniel and Lizannah until her death in 1856. She and her husband Isaac were neighbors of Nathaniel and Lizannah in 1840 in Dubois County, IN, and again in 1850 when both of their families lived in Martin County, IN. In fact, it appeared that Nathaniel lived with Isaac and Sarah Hembre in 1830 (see above).

 

Nathaniel Disinherited By His Uncle?

 

Nathaniel's uncle James Ledgerwood [B: ~1776 in VA  D: 9/14/1844 (27) in Union Co., IL] was the 10th of 11 children born to John and Margaret Ledgerwood of VA. He was only about 6 years older than his brother Samuel.

 

It appears that James moved with Samuel and their mother, Margaret Ledgerwood, from VA to TN after Margaret's husband died in ~1805. They probably moved to Greene Co., TN to join Margaret's other sons Nathaniel and John, who appeared on tax lists for that county as early as 1797-1800 (25).

 

James married Bethiah Pearce [B: ~1786 (1780 in NC acc. to 1850 census) D: After 1850] on 7/31/1807 in Greene Co, TN (4). Although Bethiah's surname was spelled "Pierce" in the marriage record, it appears that Bethiah may have been the older sister of Sarah Pearce, who married Samuel Ledgerwood less than a year later in the same county in Tennessee. (No proof of this relationship between Bethiah and Sarah has yet surfaced.)

 

Thus the two brothers, James and Samuel Ledgerwood, were very close: they were the 2 youngest children of John and Margaret Ledgerwood, and were only separated by about 6 years in age; they moved to TN from VA with their recently-widowed mother; and they married two girls - who were probably sisters - only 8 months apart in the same county in TN.

 

As further proof of their closeness, James and Bethiah named their first male child "Samuel" and their first female child "Sarah", and Samuel and Sarah named first male child "James" and their second female child "Bethiah"!

 

James must have been heartbroken when both his mother, Margaret, and his brother, Samuel, died around the same time (~1817).

 

These events must have resulted in a close bond between James and his nephew Nathaniel (who was born in June, 1817), the last child of his brother Samuel. [He may not have shared these same feelings for his sister-in-law, Sarah, who remarried less than a year after his brother died. (See below.)]

 

James Ledgerwood and his family were living in Knox Co., TN in 1830. [Although all the previous censuses of Knox and Greene counties are missing, James and his 2 brothers (John and Nathaniel) were listed on an 1809 tax list for Captain John Olinger's District in Greene County, TN (26).]

 

Around 1837-1840 (dates are from locations where their children were married), James and Bethiah Ledgerwood moved from TN to Union, Co., IL, where they were listed in the 1840 Federal Census.

 

James died in 1844 in Union Co., IL.

 

The will of James Ledgerwood has never surfaced. This leaves open the question: How many - if any - of his brother's (Samuel's) family are named in that will? If none are mentioned, this may mean that he never forgave Sarah Ledgerwood for remarrying so soon after his brother died. However, if Sarah and James, Nancy and Bethiah (3 of her 4 children with Samuel) are mentioned, then James probably disinherited Nathaniel for marrying Lizannah.

 

Others Who May Have Been Disinherited

 

If Nathaniel were not disinherited for marrying Lizannah, who else could have been disinherited?

 

One theory (1) is that Reuben Mathis (father of Lizannah) was disinherited for marrying Mary Golightly (100% Cherokee, according to family tradition) around 1817. It does appear that Reuben and Mary relocated to Dubois Co., IN (from SC) shortly after they were married, as that is where they were found in the 1820 Federal Census. [Note: No marriage certificate has ever surfaced.] This theory suffers from the fact that the wealth of Reuben's family is not known - or even the identity his father. However, it is well known that the Mathis family from Spartanburg, SC, lived in close proximity to a tribe of the Cherokee Indians (28).

 

Family tradition holds that the Ledgerwood family of Tennessee was a prominent one (7). (There is even a park in North Knoxville named "Ledgerwood Park" at 1025 Ledgerwood Avenue.) Although nothing is known about the wealth of the Ledgerwoods of Tennessee, this is not the picture painted (27) of the family of Sarah (Pearce) (Ledgerwood) Hembre and her second husband Isaac Hembre after they moved to Dubois Co., IN around 1829. They are described as "poor" and having little formal education (27).

 

Was Sarah (and her four children by Samuel - including Nathaniel) deprived of their share of the Ledgerwood estate because she married Isaac Hembre within a year of her husband Samuel's death?

 

It is difficult to tell who managed the Ledgerwood estate around that time (the early 1820s), since the matriarch of the family, Margaret Ledgerwood, died around the time that Samuel died (~1817). This task is made even more difficult because the censuses of Knox and Greene counties are missing in the years before the 1830 Federal Census. However, from the early tax lists it appears that John, Nathaniel and James (all sons of Margaret) were living in those counties in Tennessee in the early 1800s.

 

The only "Ledgerwood" found in the 1830 Federal Census of Tennessee was James Ledgerwood, listed in Knox County.

 

Conclusions

 

The preceding discussion  implies that the uncle of Nathaniel Ledgerwood - James Ledgerwood - was the person who "disinherited" Nathaniel.

 

Whether James disinherited Nathaniel for marrying Lizannah, or whether he played a part in the denial of the Ledgerwood inheritance to Sarah (mother to Nathaniel) for re-marrying so soon after his brother Samuel had died - all signs point to James Ledgerwood, the uncle of Nathaniel.

 

But even if Nathaniel was "disinherited" for marrying Lizannah by his uncle James Ledgerwood before he died in 1844, this inheritance may not have been much after the estate of James was divided up between his wife Bethiah and their 10 children. [Although one of James's sons - Samuel - was wealthy enough to present one of his sons (W. L. Ledgerwood) with $500 upon his marriage in 1866 (30).]

 

And, unless his inheritance from his uncle James was substantial, this inheritance may also have not meant much to the family of Nathaniel and Lizannah. Their family seemed to have done fairly well without it - in 1852 they bought 200 acres of land (and an additional 120 acres later) in Martin Co., IN (15), and raised 16 children - 5 (or 6) of whom they adopted!